MeloCon® WG is for use against the following pests:
- Root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne spp.)
- Burrowing nematode (Radopholus similis)
- Cyst nematode (Heterodera spp. and Globodera spp.)
- Reniform nematode (Rotylenchulus reniformis)
- False root-knot nematode (Nacobbus spp.)
- Spiral nematode (Helicotylenchus spp.)
- Sting nematode (Belonolaimus spp.)
- Root lesion nematode (Pratylenchus spp.)
MeloCon® WG can be used with the following crops:
- Ornamental plants
For more information, please consult the product label.
Vegetables, Strawberries and Ornamental Plants
Rate: For 100 cubic feet of soil, use 0.5 lb. (1.75 cups) MeloCon WG in 5 gal. water.
Timing: Treat just prior to transplanting.
Method: Spray or pour MeloCon WG evenly over the seedling/transplant trays or pots using conventional ground application equipment. Water in by irrigation or pouring until the soil is saturated.
Rate: For 2,000 plants or 1,500 ft. of the row (6 in. wide band), use 1 lb. (3.5 cups) MeloCon WG in 5 gal. water.
Timing: Treat the soil 14 days before intended transplant date (just the holes where the plants will be placed). If soils have just been fumigated, use MeloCon WG only as a transplant and follow up with soil treatment 6 weeks after transplanting.
Method: Use drip irrigation to apply MeloCon WG. Use enough water to transport the product intro the root zone. After transplanting, treat at the same rate every 6 weeks.
Citrus, Tree Nuts, Peaches and Grapevines
Rate: For 500 sq. ft. of soil, use 1 lb. (3.5 cups) MeloCon WG in 5 gal. water.
Method: Spray product suspension outward from stem to cover root system using conventional spraying equipment. Alternatively, apply the product through the micro-sprinkler irrigation system (if available). Do not allow any treatd water to come into contact with the fruit. Water in by irrigation if possible or apply before or during rain.
Frequency: Repeat application every four months
MeloCon WG is a certified NOP product.
The National Organic Program (NOP) is a marketing program housed within the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Marketing Service, the agency that sets marketing standards. The NOP mission is to develop and implement national standards that govern the marketing of agricultural products as organically produced, to facilitate commerce in fresh and processed food that is organically produced, and to assure consumers that such products meet consistent standards.
This product is OMRI Listed, therefore it is determined by the Organic Materials Review Institute (OMRI) to be suitable for use in certified organic production.
For more information, please consult the product label.
- Natural fungal parasite of nematodes
- Broad activity against many important nematode pests
- No effect on nontarget or beneficial species
- Drip, drench, or microjet application
- 4 hour REI and zero PHI
MeloCon® WG is a new biological nematicide from Certis USA for control of nematodes infesting vegetables, fruits, and other crops. The active ingredient of MeloCon WG is a natural soil-dwelling fungus (Paecilomyces lilacinus Strain PL251) which parasitizes many types of plant parasitic nematodes, including root knot (Meloidogyne), sting (Belonolaimus), burrowing (Radopholus), cyst (Globodera and Heterodera), root lesion (Pratylenchus), and other economically important nematodes species. MeloCon WG has no adverse impact on crops or nontarget organisms, including beneficial nematodes which attack soil insect pests. It can be applied up to and including the day of harvest, and can be used on both conventional and organic crops.
Each gram of MeloCon WG contains at least 10 billion spores of the PL251 fungus formulated on a water-soluble sugar carrier for easy mixing and application. An application rate of 2 pounds of MeloCon WG per acre is the equivalent of nearly 1.5 million spores per square inch. These spores germinate upon contact with nematode eggs, juvenile stages, and adults in the soil. The growing fungus engulfs and penetrates the nematode over a period of several days, killing it by consuming its body contents.
Application of MeloCon WG
For application, MeloCon WG is mixed with water and applied to nematode-infested soil either as a soil drench, or through drip (trickle) or sprinkler (microjet) irrigation systems. Application efficiency may be enhanced by inclusion of a soil wetting agent to help the spores penetrate soil to the root zone, especially in deeper-rooted crops. Vegetables and other transplants can be treated just before transplanting with a soil drench to protect from nematodes entering the developing root ball in the field. Nonfumigated field soils should be treated with MeloCon WG two weeks before seeding or transplanting to reduce initial nematode infestation. Application can then be repeated every 6 weeks after planting to keep nematodes suppressed during the crop period.
MeloCon WG can also supplement soil fumigation for control of nematode damage. In freshly fumigated soil, MeloCon WG should first be applied by drench or drip irrigation at planting or transplanting. Subsequent applications should be at 6 week intervals. MeloCon WG can be especially useful in double-cropped situations where soil fumigation is not possible between the first and second crops. Unlike soil fumigation, MeloCon WG requires no waiting period before the second crop can be planted into the existing bed.
Read the product label and additional Section 2(ee) recommendation for specific use rates and other information regarding application of MeloCon WG.
MeloCon WG in the Soil Environment
The PL251 fungus in MeloCon WG is an obligate parasite of nematodes; it does not colonize the root or feed on root exudates. In the absence of nematodes, spores of PL251 decline in the soil over a period of 3 to 6 weeks at a rate depending on soil type and temperature. In loamy sand the halflife of MeloCon WG was determined to be about 1 month at 68°F, and about 3 weeks at 82°F. Spore persistence is greater in soils with high organic matter than in sandy soils.
Spores of PL251 become active in soil above 68°F, with optimal temperature for germination and growth between 75 and 85°F. In northern climates, MeloCon WG should be applied between late spring and early fall when nematodes are most active and when soils are warm enough to facilitate spore germination and fungal growth. At lower temperature, spores may persist in the soil but will not become active against nematodes until the soil warms to 68°F.
Storage and Handling
MeloCon WG is stored frozen by Certis USA and at distributor locations in order to ensure high spore viability and optimal infectivity to target nematode species upon application in the field. It is delivered to the end user in insulated foam boxes containing ice packs, and should be applied to the field as soon as possible upon arrival. If necessary, MeloCon WG can be refrigerated (40°F or below) for up to 6 months.
Grower trial in a canteloupe field near Plant City, Florida infested with sting nematode (Belonolaimus longicaudatus). Plant beds in the upper photo received drip application of MeloCon WG at 4 lb/acre at transplanting and two additional applications at 3–4 week intervals afterward. Right photo shows areas of dead/missing plants and reduced canopy development in beds where no MeloCon WG was applied.
Photos by Joe Craig, Certis USA (May 2009).